This makes it difficult for me to find alternatives to paying for a VPN. I have used several web tools to create my own free private network, which is not easy. But I also learned that many average users might not even need a VPN anymore.
Here’s what you need to know.
What has changed about VPN
Not long ago, many websites lacked security mechanisms to prevent bad actors from eavesdropping on what people were doing while browsing their websites, which opened the door for their data to be taken over. . This has made VPN services a must-have security product. VPN providers have offered to help hide people’s browsing information by creating an encrypted tunnel on their servers through which all your web traffic passes.
But in the past five years, the Internet has undergone tremendous changes. Many privacy advocates and tech companies have been pushing website creators to rewrite their websites to support HTTPS, a secure protocol that encrypts traffic and solves most problems. above.
You may have noticed the padlock icon on your web browser. A locked padlock indicates a site is using HTTPS; an unlocked one means it’s not and therefore more vulnerable. It’s rare these days to stumble across a website with a keyless padlock – 95% of the top 1,000 websites are now encrypted with HTTPS, according to W3Techs, a web technology data aggregator.
This means that VPNs are no longer an essential tool when most people browse the web on public Wi-Fi networks, said Dan Guido, chief executive officer of Trail of Bits, a cybersecurity company.
He said: “It is very difficult to find cases of people being harmed when logging on to Wi-Fi in airports, cafes or hotels. Today, he added, the people who benefit from VPNs are those who work in high-risk sectors and who could be targets, like journalists who talk to sensitive sources and executives. Business operators carry trade secrets when traveling abroad.
So what to do? Fortunately, most of us can secure ourselves online with basic protections that, unlike VPN services, are free, Mr. Guido said.